Publications

Publication date: 2022

When does web search work? There is a significant amount of research showing where and how web search seems to fail. Researchers identify various contributing causes of web search breakdowns: the for-profit orientation of advertising driven companies, racial capitalism, the agonistic playing field with search engine optimizers and others trying to game the algorithm, or perhaps ‘user error’....

Publication date: 2022

This dissertation explores how machine learning and artificial intelligence can be applied within music composition and production. My approach in this research stems from an underlying perspective that these technologies are deeply intertwined with the people who use them or are affected by them: we can’t hope to understand one side of the picture without looking at the other. From this...

Publication date: 2022

In early 2017, a journalist and search engine expert wrote about “Google’s biggest ever search quality crisis.” Months later, Google hired him as the first Google “Search Liaison” (GSL). By October 2021, when someone posted to Twitter a screenshot of misleading Google Search results for “had a seizure now what,” users tagged the Twitter account of the GSL in reply. The GSL frequently publicly...

Publication date: 2022

Google Scholar has become an important player in the scholarly economy. Whereas typical academic publishers sell bibliometrics, analytics and ranking products, Alphabet, through Google Scholar, provides “free” tools for academic search and scholarly evaluation that have made it central to academic practice. Leveraging political imperatives for open access publishing, Google Scholar has managed...

Publication date: 2022

The IoT network is expected to harbor several zettabytes of information in the future. Since trust and integrity are critical to IoT, it is essential to imbibe trust into the IoT environment for ensuring dependability and reliability. We propose a machine learning-based trustworthy system for the IoT-based smart home environment. Multiple appliances connected through the internet are...

Publication date: 2022

The emergence of trust and solidarity is arguably foundational for economic development and social order. Yet many studies, often survey-based, document large disparities in general trust and social cohesion between countries. Can mutual trust and solidarity arise between people even in areas of low general trust, or do national cultural contexts block such connections? We report an...

Publication date: 2022

Language barriers between patients and clinicians contribute to disparities in quality of care. Machine Translation (MT) tools are widely used in healthcare settings, but even small mistranslations can have life-threatening consequences. We study how MT is currently used in medical settings through a qualitative interview study with 20 clinicians–physicians, surgeons, nurses, and midwives. We...

Publication date: 2022

In this paper, an investigation is conducted in order to understand impacts of Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) parameters on the convergence and the quality of the inverse kinematics solutions provided by the IK-PSO (inverse kinematics solver using PSO) – a heuristic inverse kinematics solver algorithm. Over a large panel of parameters investigations, a statistical proof of convergence is...

Publication date: 2022

As access barriers to in-person abortion care increase due to legal restrictions and COVID-19–related disruptions, individuals may be turning to the internet for information and services on out-of-clinic medication abortions. Google searches allow us to explore timely population-level interest in this topic and assess its implications. We examined the extent to which people searched for out-of...

Publication date: 2022

Online harm is a prevalent issue in adolescents’ online lives. Restorative justice teaches us to focus on those who have been harmed, ask what their needs are, and engage in the offending party and community members to collectively address the harm. In this research, we conducted interviews and design activities with harmed adolescents to understand their needs to address online harm. They...

Publication date: 2022

Introduction

The infection fatality rate (IFR) of COVID-19 has been carefully measured and analysed in high-income countries, whereas there has been no systematic analysis of age-specific seroprevalence or IFR for developing countries.

Methods

We systematically reviewed the literature to identify all COVID-19 serology studies in...

Publication date: 2022

The COVID-19 pandemic has devastated many low- and middle-income countries, causing widespread food insecurity and a sharp decline in living standards. In response to this crisis, governments and humanitarian organizations worldwide have distributed social assistance to more than 1.5 billion people. Targeting is a central challenge in administering these programmes: it remains a difficult task...

Publication date: 2022

The Internet of Things (IoT) has influenced technology in numerous ways. What started as a network of physical devices communicating over the Internet grew tremendously sophisticated by incorporating billions of devices and defining specific IoT domains. IoT has found its subdomains in many fields such as medicine, healthcare, robotics, etc., and several domains are yet to incorporate IoT. One...

Publication date: 2022

It is often said that quantum technologies are poised to change the world as we know it, but cutting through the hype, what will quantum technologies actually mean for countries and their citizens? In Law and Policy for the Quantum Age, Chris Jay Hoofnagle and Simson L. Garfinkel explain the genesis of quantum information science (QIS) and the resulting quantum technologies that are...

Publication date: 2022

Any nation’s growth depends on the trend of the price of fuel. The fuel price drifts have both direct and indirect impacts on a nation’s economy. Nation’s growth will be hampered due to the higher level of inflation prevailing in the oil industry. This paper proposed a method of analyzing Gasoline and Diesel Price Drifts based on Self-organizing Maps and Bayesian regularized neural networks....

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