Basic Needs, Access, and Marketplace Structures
Connecting Needs, Documentation, and Evidence
A hermeneutic approach suggests a possible conceptual bridge between the most basic need for information and designs for the organization of access to recorded evidence. A brief continuation of our discussion on February 8.
New Marketplace Structures for Cultural Products and Implications for Stewardship
The structures of the public marketplace and exchange under the doctrine of first sale worked very well for cultural memory institutions such as libraries. Unfortunately, these are now being rapidly eclipsed by complex and opaque new market structures that incorporate (compulsory, large scale) license structures. The effects of these changes for memory institutions are a potential disaster, and are poorly understood. As time permits in this discussion, I'll begin an exploration of how the marketplaces in music, books, and moving image (video) materials are changing, and highlight some of the areas that seem particularly opaque to me.
Michael Buckland is emeritus professor in the School of Information and co-director of the Electronic Cultural Atlas Initiative. He grew up in England and studied history at Oxford and librarianship at Sheffield University. He trained at the Bodleian Library in Oxford and moved to the University of Lancaster Library in 1965. In 1972, Buckland moved to the United States to be Assistant Director of Libraries for Technical Services at Purdue University Libraries before becoming Dean of the School of Library and Information Studies at Berkeley from 1976 to 1984. He served from 1983 to 1987 as Assistant Vice President for Library Plans and Policies for the nine campuses of the University of California. Professor Buckland's interests include bibliography, library services, search and discovery, cultural heritage, and the history and theory of documentation.
Clifford Lynch is the director of the Coalition for Networked Information (CNI) and an adjunct professor at the School of Information. Prior to joining CNI in 1997, Lynch spent eighteen years at the University of California Office of the President, the last ten as director of Library Automation. Lynch is a past president of ASIS&T and a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science and the National Information Standards Organization.